Baddeley, Edward L (TD)

Edward Lawrence Baddeley (TD), Major, 1/8th Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers
Killed in action 6th June 1915 in Gallipoli, aged 44

 

EARLY LIFE

Edward Lawrence Baddeley was born on 12th July and baptised on 30th October 1870 at Whalley Parish Church, Lancashire, the eldest son of Mary Anne (or Marian) and Dr. William Bratton Baddeley, a General Practitioner of Clitheroe Road, Whalley.

Edward’s father died in 1872 and his mother married George Edward Emmet, a solicitor, in Huddersfield in late 1877. In 1881, ten year old Edward was living in Parkinson Lane, Halifax, with his mother and stepfather, his brother William (8) and half-siblings Charles (2) and Maude (10 months).

Edward was educated at Macclesfield Grammar School between 1886 and 1888. After leaving school, Edward started training as a solicitor, and in 1891 he was employed as an ‘articled clerk’, lodging at 6 Wards End in Halifax, the home of John Oakley, a surgeon. Edward was admitted to the bar in June 1893, and in 1901, Edward was employed as a solicitor and lodging in Southport.

On 4th July 1911, Edward married Mary (May) Elizabeth Oakley, daughter of John Oakley with whom he lodged on census night in 1891, at the Parish Church, Halifax; Edward’s mother and Mary’s father witnessed the marriage. The couple lived at Brook Cottage, Combs, near Chapel en le Frith, where Edward was living on census night that year, 2nd April 1911.

Edward Baddeley was awarded the Territorial Decoration (T.D.) for long service in the Territorial Forces.

 

WW1 SERVICE

According to De Ruvigny’s Roll of Honour, Edward Baddeley

“… on 24 Jan. 1914, obtained his majority in the 8th Territorial Battn. of the Lancashire Fusiliers. On the outbreak of war he volunteered for Imperial service, went out to Egypt with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, and was killed in action at Gallipoli, 6 June 1915, being then second in command.”

At the start of WW1, the 8th Lancashire Fusiliers were stationed at Salford but they were moved to Turton. They were mobilised for war duty on 9th September and embarked from Southampton, arriving in Alexandria, Egypt on 25th September to defend the Suez Canal.

However, as a result of the decision to invade Gallipoli, plans were changed and the Battalion landed at Cape Helles, Gallipoli on 5th May 1915. On 6th June, the Battalion, located near Krithia, made an attack on the Redoubt to the front, and during this action Col. Fallows, Major Baddeley and 2 Lt. Hodge were all killed.

When news of his death was received in Macclesfield, a short obituary was printed in the Macclesfield Courier of 19th June 1915:

“AN OLD GRAMMAR SCHOOL BOY KILLED IN THE DARDANELLES

There was a memorial service on Monday last at the Manchester Cathedral, in connection with the death of Major E. L. Baddeley, of the 8th Batt. Lancashire Fusiliers (T.F.), who was killed in the Dardanelles on June 7th.

The Gallant Major entered the Macclesfield Grammar School in 1886, under the headmastership of the Rev. Darwin Wilmot, and was there for several years.

He was the eldest son of the late Dr. Baddeley, of Whalley, Lancashire, and he lived at Lancaster Road, Eccles.

When the call came to the Territorials for Volunteers for active service he was one of the first to respond. At the time of the South African war he was on military duty at Chester Castle. In private life he was a solicitor, but instead of practising he became secretary for Messrs. W. E. Glover and Co., cable makers, Trafford.”

 

COMMEMORATION

Major Edward Baddeley is buried in grave ref. A. 10. in Lancashire Landing Cemetery in Turkey. His mother requested that a cross and the following inscription should be added to his headstone:

“ALL THAT HE HAD HE GAVE FOR GOD, KING AND THE EMPIRE”

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission holds casualty details for Major Edward Baddeley, and he is listed on the Imperial War Museum’s Lives of the First World War website.

In Macclesfield, Major Edward Baddeley is commemorated on the King’s School war memorial. Elsewhere, he is commemorated on the St. James’ Church, Hope, Salford  and the Chapel-en-le-Frith war memorials.


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