Wheelton, Fred

Fred Wheelton, Private 11960, 2nd Battalion Cheshire Regiment
Killed in action 26th April 1915 at Zonnebeke, Belgium, aged 23

 

Wheelton-F P04EARLY LIFE

Fred Wheelton was born on 8th January and baptised on 31st July 1892 at St Peter’s Church,  Macclesfield, the son of Emily and William Henry Wheelton, a silk weaver of 2 Park Lane, Macclesfield. On 10th October 1898, at the age of six, Fred started attending St George’s School, London Road, Macclesfield.

In 1901 Fred was living at 5 Albion Street with his parents and younger siblings Jane (6), Alfred (4) and baby Henry, 7 months old. Fred would have left school in 1904 at the age of 12, as was usual at the time, and he found employment as a ‘needle snatcher’ in the silk industry; but, no doubt hoping to better himself, he enrolled at the Macclesfield Technical School on 25th September 1905.

By 1911, the family had gained three more children – Elizabeth, Mary and William Miles – and were now living at 85 James Street; Fred was working in a laundry. He was later employed at the Print Works, Bollington.

 

WW1 SERVICE

Fred attested at Macclesfield and was drafted to France on 6th April 1915.

Fred’s Battalion, the 2nd Cheshires, were engaged at St Julien from 24th April until 4th May 1915. On the 15th April they were in the 84th Brigade and had taken over the Zonnebeke section. On the 20th April a heavy bombardment began on Ypres and continued for two days. On the 22nd, under clouds of gas, the Germans delivered a sudden attack on the left shoulder of the Salient. The 2nd Battalion spent a very unpleasant time suffering from shelling and gassing. About 5pm on the 23rd April two companies of the 2nd Battalion with support from the Northumberland Fusiliers and a company of the Monmouthshire Regiment took up a position S.E. of the  cross-road, Zonnebeke-Langemarck and Gravenstafel-Wieltje, halfway between Zonnebeke and St Julien in support of the Canadians. On the 25th they withdrew to a position south of Hannebeek. The Germans attempted several attacks, but were dispersed by rifle fire. All their attempts to advance were checked: the Battalion were engaging the enemy at a range of three to four hundred yards.

Fred was killed in action on 26th April 1915, just three weeks after leaving Britain.

 

COMMEMORATION

Private Fred Wheelton has no known grave and is commemorated on Panel ref. 19-22 on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Belgium.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission holds casualty details for Private Fred Wheelton, and he is listed on the Imperial War Museum’s Lives of the First World War website.

In Macclesfield, Private Fred Wheelton is commemorated on the Town HallSt Michael’s Church and St Peter’s Church war memorials.
The St Michael’s Church memorial mistakenly names him as ‘Frederick’ Wheelton.


Comments

Wheelton, Fred — 3 Comments

  1. Many thanks for researching this. William Henry Wheelton was my great uncle so I’m not sure what relationship I am to Fred! I have always been confused between Fred and Frederick Wheelton as both names appear on both town memorials. Are you aware of any war records of a Frederick Wheelton as I have never found any.
    Many thanks
    Mark Wheelton

  2. Mark,

    There is another Fred Wheelton who was a sailor in the Royal Naval Reserve and died on 3rd January 1918 (his details will be added in due course – we are working in ‘date of death’ order). I was in the West Park Museum a few weeks ago and saw a display cabinet containing several letters and other information about him.

    It’s not clear why Private Fred Wheelton on this page is named Frederick on the Macclesfield war memorials as he was definitely named Fred and we have been unable to find anyone named Frederick Wheelton.
    Unfortunately his service records did not survive, although we have found his medal roll entries.

    Fred Wheelton would have been your father’s first cousin, so he is your first cousin once removed (‘once removed’ means one generation difference).

    • Many many thanks for the quick and full response to my enquiry. I think you are all doing a fantastic piece of research which will be enjoyed by a lot of people.
      I’m sure that I will find I am also related to the later Frederick, as Macclesfield is a small town and there were many Wheeltons who one way or another will have a common ancestor!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *